Freethought Archives > Walter R. Cassels > Supernatural Religion 


ABERCROMBIE, DR., On Spectral Illusions, 880.

Acts of the Apostles: Character of, 567 f.; alleged references to, 568 f.; by Clement of Rome, 568 f.; by Epistle of Barnabas, 570; by Shepherd of Hermas, 571 f.; by Pseudo-Ignatius, 572 f.; by Epistle of Polycarp, 574 f.; by Epistle to Diognetus, 578 f.; by Tatian, 576 f.; by Dionysius of Corinth, 580; by Athenagoras, 580 f.; by Epistle of Vienne and Lyons, 580 f.; Canon of Muratori on, 581 f.; Fathers assign it to Luke, 582; discussion of authorship, 582 f.; not written by Luke the follower of Paul, 583 f.; evidence regarding authorship, 585 f.; Luke not mentioned in, 586; views of Fathers regarding him, 587 f.; Ewald on authorship of Luke, 588; argument from superscription, 588 f.; traditional view of authorship unsupported by evidence, 590 f.; the personal Sections, 591 f.; could not have been written by companion of Paul, 595 f.; comparison with the Pauline Epistles, 595 f.; theory of authorship of Timothy, 598 f.; personal sections do not solve problems, 599 f.; considerations excluding Luke by proving later date, 600 f.; use of works of Josephus by author, 605 f.; consequent date, 611; original purpose of author, 613 f.; parallelism between Peter and Paul, 617 f.; the speeches in, 618 f.; speeches composed by author, 621 f.; speeches of Peter and Paul compared, 623 f.; supposed traces of translation, 629 f.; incongruities in speech of Peter, 632 f.; is its account of primitive Christianity true, 638 f.; martyrdom of Stephen in, 659 f.; no other evidence of Stephen's existence, 661 f.; his trial in, 662 f.; based on that of Jesus, 663 f.; how could Stephen's speech have been reported, 665 f.; errors in the speech, 666 f.; speech examined, 667 f.; the speech composed by author, 670 f.; Philip and the Eunuch in, 673 f.; raising of Tabitha from dead by Peter, 676 f.; Peter and Cornelius in, 677 f.; Paul and Ananias in 679 f.; Peter in the house of a tanner in Joppa, 681; supposed abrogation of Mosaic proscriptions, 681; statements of, compared with Paul's Epistles, 686 f.; Paul's visits to Jerusalem in, compared with Paul's Epistles, 687 f.; question of circumcision at Antioch, 700 f., 709 f.; council at Jerusalem and Paul's Epistles, 703 f.; Peter's speech, 706 f.; speech of James, 711 f.; speeches composed by author, 713 f.; the Apostolic Decree, 714 f.; the Decree composed by author, 716 f.; Paul's account excludes Decree, 718 f.; no trace of Decree anywhere, 723 f.; the alleged circumcision of Titus, 725 f.; Paul preaches a different Gospel, 729 f.; the final agreement of the Council, 730 f.; alleged circumcision of Timothy, 736 f.; Paul's relation to the Twelve misrepresented in, 743 f.; conclusion: Acts not historical, 750 f.; the Gift of Tongues in, 781 f.; the account in, must be rejected, 787 f.; origin of the account in, 788 f.; the Ascension in, 844 f.; representation of Paul's vision in, not historical, 867 f.

Alford, Dean, on discrepancy regarding appearances of Jesus, 843, n. 2.

Angelology and Demonology of Jews, 61 f.

Apocalypse of John, referred to as Scripture by Justin Martyr, 188 f., 512 f.; in Canon of Muratori, 429 f.; testimony of Papias according to Andrew of Caesarea, 485 f.; Dionysius of Alexandria denies authorship of John, 511513 f.; Lücke's argument on it, 511 f.; de Wette's argument, 512; Ewald's argument, 512, 515 f.; external argument for John's authorship, 512 f.; Melito of Sardis wrote on it, 513; assigned to Cerinthus, 514; certainty of date of, 514; objection on ground of author's calling himself "Servant of Christ" only, 514 f.; Judaistic character of, 516 f.; character of John in Synoptics, 519 f.; this strongly in favour of his authorship, 521 f.; attacks Paul in Epistles to the Churches, 522 f., 747 f.

Apollinaris, Claudius, 395 f.; fragments attributed to him, 395; on the Passover, 395 f.; no evidence for fourth Gospel, 505.

Arnold, Dr., on Miracles, 12.

Ascensio Isaiae, referred to by Origen and Epiphanius, 61, n. 5; Angel of Sun and Moon, 61.

Ascension, Resurrection and, evidence of the Gospels, 808 f.; not peculiar to Christianity, 846; evidence of Paul for, 851 f.; evidence inadequate, 872 f.

Athenagoras, cosmical theories of, 72; works ascribed to him, 398 f.; alleged references to Synoptics, 399 f.; no evidence for fourth Gospel in, 505; his Logos doctrine not that of Gospel, 505.

Atterbury, Bishop, Christianity can only be attested by miracles, 3 f.

Augustine, Saint, demonology of, 79 f.; on antipodes, 80 f.; miracles reported by, 100 f.

BARNABAS, Epistle of, on clean and unclean animals, 81 f.; account of, 137 f.; identity of author, 137; date of, 138 f.; alleged use of Synoptics examined, 139 f.; alleged reference to fourth Gospel, 435 f.

Basilides, fragments of writings of, 322 f.; opinions of Tischendorf and Westcott regarding them, 322 f.; his gospel, 323 f.; statements of Agrippa Castor, 323 f.; alleged quotations frorn Synoptics, 325 f.; alleged statements of Hippolytus, 327 f.; they do not refer to him, but to his followers, 328 f.; alleged references to fourth Gospel, 498 f.

Beelen, on "to the Jew first," 734, n. 1.

Beyschlag, his view of some appearances of Jesus, 856, n. 4.

Brodie, Sir Benjamin, on brain impressions, 877.

ButlerBishop, Christianity beyond reason, 3; so can only be proved by miracles, 3 f.

CANONS OF CRITICISM regarding Gospels, 122 f.; illustrations of, 122 f., 308.

Carpenter, Dr., On spectral illusions, 878 f.; occurring to many at same time, 881.

Celsus, his work: True Doctrine422 f.; Origen's refutation, 422 f.; date, 422 f.427; Origen's ignorance regarding him, 422 f.; no evidence for Synoptics, 427; nor for fourth Gospel, 507.

Christianity, not the only religion claiming to be divinely revealed, 1 f.; evidence for it must be supernatural, 2 f.; primitive, 638 f.; only a sect of Judaism, 641 f.; the Synoptics a history of Jesus the Messiah, 642 f.; Jesus upheld Mosaism, 646 f.; Proselytes, 653 f.; development of, 749 f.

Clement of Alexandria, his cosmical theories, 71 f.77 f.

Clement of Rome, on the Phoenix, 81; 1st Epistle to Corinthians, 128 f.; date, 129 f.; alleged use of Synoptics, 131 f.; no references to fourth Gospel, 435.

Clementines, Cosmical theories of, 77 f.; how composed, 299 f.; not by Clement of Rome, 299 f.; date of the Homilies, 300 f.; alleged quotations of Synoptics, 301 f.; animosity against Paul, 318 f.; discovery of concluding portion by Dressel, 486; alleged reference to fourth Gospel, 486 f.; quotation from Apocryphal Gospel, 489; its views opposed to those of fourth Gospel, 489 f.; essential identity of Judaism and Christianity maintained in, 492 f.; they maintain that Jesus preached only one year, 496.

Credner, on Canon of Muratori and fourth Gospel, 509; his argument for John as author of fourth Gospel, 523 f.

Cyprian of Carthage, on Demons, 73.

DEMONOLOGY and Angelology of Jews, 64 f.

Diognetus, Epistle to, author unknown, 320 f.; last two chapters by different author, 321 f.; date, 321; no references to Synoptics, 321; claimed as witness for fourth Gospel, 496 f.; final statement of the case, 497 f.

Dionysius of Alexandria, argues that fourth Gospel and Apocalypse not by same author, 511; attributes Gospel to Apostle John, 511.

Dionysius of Corinth, fragments of his writings and date, 381 f.; interpretations of Scriptures of the Lord382 f.; Tischendorf's and Westcott's strange inferences, 382 f.; refuted, 383 f.; no evidence for fourth Gospel, 505.

Döllinger, Dr. von, on the Charismata, 775, 777 f.

ENOCH, Book of, on Angels and Demons, 59 f.

Eusebius, Angelology and Demonology, 79 f.; silence of, 270 f.; on Hegesippus, 270 f.; on Papias, 276 f.290 f.; on Pantaenus, 291 f.; on Matthew's Gospel, 292 f.; on Tatian's Diatessaron370 f.

Ewald, on miracles, 19, n. 1; on authorship of fourth Gospel, 512 f.; his theory regarding its composition, 538 f., 558 f.; on Luke as author of Acts, 588 f.; on belief regarding souls of dead, 888, n. 1.

FARRAR, Dr., if miracles incredible Christianity false, 7; On Hume's argument, 45 f.; on earthquake and resurrection of saints at Crucifixion, 317 f.; on "some doubted," 842, n. 1; on subjectivity of authors of Gospels, 847; on Westcott's remarks on Resurrection, 847, n. 2; his view of appearance of Jesus to Cephas, 856, n. 1, 882; objections to visions being subjective, 898, n. 1.

Fathers, The, their cosmical theories, 71 f.

GFRÖRER, his view of fourth Gospel, 558 f.; his view of appearance of Jesus to Cephas, 856, n. 1; his "Scheintod" theory, 875, n. 1.

Gospel, The fourth, External evidence for, 435 f.; statement regarding it in Canon of Muratori, 507 f.; Canon ascribes it to John, 508 f.; Credner argues it ascribes it to another, 509; authorship and character of, 510 f.; difference of Greek between it and Apocalypse, 511 f.; not both by same author, 511 f.; Dionysius of Alexandria assigns it to John, 511, 513 f.; Lücke on this problem, 511 f.; de Wette's argument, 512 f.; external evidence for John as author of Apocalypse, 512 f.; character of John in Synoptics proves his authorship of Apocalypse, 516 f.; and against his authorship of Gospel, 522 f.; its Greek compared with that of Apocalypse, 524 f.; the Logos doctrine, 525 f.; its animosity against Jews, 526 f.; author not a Jew, 526 f.; errors from that fact, 527 f.; statements regarding Pool of Bethesda examined, 529 f.; regarding woman of Samaria, 531 f.; indications in Synoptics, 532 f.; the disciple whom Jesus loved, 535 f.; chap. 21, 538 f.; Ewald's theory regarding it, 538 f.; author not eye-witness of scenes described, 545 f.; fundamental difference between it and Synoptics, 548 f.; few miracles in common, 551 f.; the last supper, 552 f.; the arrest, 553 f.; the inscription on the Cross, 554, 810; the raising of Lazarus, 555 f.; the teaching of Jesus profoundly different from that of Synoptics, 557 f.; Gfrörer's view of John's authorship, 559 f.; the arguments destroy its historical value, 560 f.; artificial construction, 561 f.; Paschal controversy against John's authorship, 563 f.; Irenaeus on necessity for four gospels, 564 f.; its testimony of no value for miracles, 565; its evidence for Resurrection and Ascension, 808 f.; chronology of Passion Week, 810; parting the garments, 811; the two malefactors, 811 f.; the mother of Jesus, 813; the savings on the Cross, 814 f.; miracles during the Crucifixion, 816; thrust of spear and Crurifragium, 820 f.; the Descent from the cross, 823 f.; the Entombment, 824 f.; the Embalmment, 825 f.; the Resurrection, 829 f.; Mary Magdalene at the Sepulchre, 835 f.; appearance to the Eleven, 839 f.; incredulity of Thomas, 841 f.; the Ascension, 844 f.

Gospels, The Synoptic, the evidence required for, 121 f.; canons of criticism, 122 f., result of examination of evidence regarding them, 433 f.; they give a history of Jesus the Messiah, 642 f.; the suffering Messiah, 644 f.; their evidence for Resurrection and Ascension, 808 f.; chronology of Passion Week, 810 f.; inscription on the Cross, 554 f., 810; parting of the garments, 811; the two malefactors, 811 f.; the mocking speeches, 812 f.; the sayings on the Cross, 814 f.; miracles during the Crucifixion, 816 f.; the Descent from the Cross, 823 f.; the Entombment, 824 f.; the Embalmment, 825 f.; watch at the Sepulchre, 827 f.; the Resurrection, 829 f.; the journey to Emmaus, 837 f.; the Ascension, 844 f.; familiarity with resurrection of dead, 848 f.; episode of Transfiguration, 849 f.

HAMILTON, Sir William, on a god understood, 43, n. 2.

Harris, Dr. Rendel, on Teaching of the Twelve Apostles, 151, n. 1441; on Bar-Hebraeus and Diatessaron of Tatian, 375; on Arabic Diatessaron380.

Hegesippus, account of and date, 268 f.; use of Gospel according to the Hebrews, 270 f.; fragments of his works, 270 f.; his account of martyrdom of James the Just, 272 f.; alleged references to Synoptics, 272 f.; fragment preserved by Stephanus Gobarus, 275; alleged reference to fourth Gospel, 474 f.

Heracleon and Ptolemaeus, date 408 f.; Tischendorf's argument, 409 f.; refuted, 411 f.; alleged references to Synoptics, 421 f.; no evidence for fourth Gospel, 506.

Hermassee Shepherd.

Herschel, Sir John, subject to involuntary visual impressions, 878.

Heurtley, Dr., Christianity must be attested by miracles, 4.

Hibbert, Dr., on spectral illusions, 880 f.

Hippolytus, his references to Basilides and his school, 328 f.; references to Valentinus and his school, 330 f.; unwarrantable assertions of Tischendorf regarding him, 330 f.

Holsten, on cry from Cross, 876, n. 1.

Hume, his argument on miracles, 45 f.

IGNATIUS, Epistles of, 158 f.; their different forms, 158 f.; question of their date and authenticity, 162 f.; arguments of Dr. Lightfoot, 163 f.; on case of Paul, 164; on case of Peregrinus, 164 f.; reasons for believing martyrdom of Ignatius in Antioch and not in Rome, 166 f.; evidence of John Malalas, 168 f.; remains of, interred long in Antioch, 170 f.; Epistles spurious, 171; alleged references to Synoptics, 171 f.; alleged references to fourth Gospel, 441 f.

Irenaeus, his argument against disciples of Valentinus, 332 f.; date of his work against Heresies, 411 f.; quotations from Presbyters, 479 f.; on necessity for four Gospels, 564 f.

JEROME, on Pantaenus, 291 f.; on appearance of Jesus to James, 857.

Josephus, on King Solomon and demons, 69 f.; Jewish superstitions, 70 f.; use of his works, by author of third Synoptic and Acts, 605 f.; Ascension of Moses, 846.

Jowett, Dr., on Paul's relation to party of Circumcision, 746, n. 2.

Judas, different accounts of his death, by Papias, 296; in Acts, 632 f.636 f.; in third Synoptic, 637.

Justin Martyr, cosmical theories, 71 f.; account of, 181 f.; date of his works, 182 f.; Memoirs of the Apostles, 182 f.; not our Gospels, 184 f.; title does not indicate plurality of Gospels, 186 f.; read in Christian assemblies, 187 f.; refers to Apocalypse of John as prophecy, 188 f.; references to Old Testament, 188 f.; descent of Jesus always traced through Mary, 190 f.; removal of Joseph to Bethlehem from uncanonical source, 194 f.; genealogies of Jesus different from Synoptics, 195 f.; also birth and infancy, 196 f.; Magi from Arabia, 198 f.; Jesus believed to be carpenter, 199 f.; narrative of baptism, 200 f.; miracles of Jesus explained as magical art, 204 f.; peculiarities of trial of Jesus, 205 f.; similarity to Gospel of Peter, 207 f.; Agony in Garden, 208 f.; details of Crucifixion, 210 f.; alleged use of Synoptics examined, 216 f.; comparisons of references to Sermon on Mount with Synoptics, 219 f.; systematic variation from them, 240 f.; further alleged references, 241 f.; alleged quotations advanced by Dr. Westcott examined, 243 f.; summary of result, 257 f.; sayings of Jesus unknown to Synoptics, 258 f.; was name of Peter connected with the "Memoirs," 261 f.; Gospel of Peter and of the Hebrews, 262 f.; result regarding alleged quotations, 266 f.; alleged references to fourth Gospel, 448 f.; his Logos doctrine derived from Philo, 449 f.; and from Old Testament and its Apocrypha, 454 f.; his narratives of Jesus opposed to those of fourth Gospel, 437 f.

LACTANTIUS, Angelology and Demonology of, 78 f.; on antipodes, 80.

Liddon, Dr., necessity of miraculous evidence, 22, n. 1.

Lightfoot, John, D.D., Master of Catherine Hall, on Jewish superstition, 57 f.885 f.

Lightfoot, Dr., on Teaching of the Twelve Apostles, 150 f.; on martyr journey of Ignatius, 163 f.; on case of Paul, 164; on case of Peregrinus, 164 f.; on John Malalas, 168 f.; on Papias in Chronicon Paschale, 278, n. 6; on Oracles of God, 287, n. 2; on 1 Cor. 10 on the Apostles of the Circumcision, 654, n. 1, 656, n. 2 and n. 3; on "Many days" of Acts, 690, n. 1 and 3; on visits of Paul to Jerusalem, 701, n. 2; on Judaisers in Paul's Epistle, 713, n. 3; on 1 Cor. 12:10, 763, n. 4.

Logos doctrine, in Canonical Epistles, 449 f.; in Philo, 450 f.; sources of, in Justin Martyr, 453 f.; in Old Testament and Apocrypha, 454 f.

Lücke, on authorship of fourth Gospel, 511 f.

Luke, Gospel of, alleged to be mutilated by Marcion, 348 f.; views of critics on this, 348 f.; Sanday's linguistic analysis proves it to be original of Marcion's gospel, 361 f.; the consequence of this, 362 f.; statement in Canon of Muratori, 429; circumstances excluding Luke's authorship, 600 f.; indications of date of, 601 f., 611; use of works of Josephus, 605 f.; the journey to Emmaus, 837 f.; appearance to the Eleven, 838 f.

MANSEL, Dean, miracles inseparable from Christianity, 5 f.; analysis of miracles, 23 f.; argument of Efficient Cause, 24 f.; assumption of a Personal God, 40 f.

Marcion, account of, 344 f.; his work Antitheses346 f.; attacked by Tertullian, 346 f.; his gospel, 348 f.; views of critics, 348 f.; works of Tertullian and Epiphanius against him, 352 f.; Reuss on him, 353 f.; was his gospel that of Luke, 354 f.; views of Hahn, Ritschl, Volkmar, and Hilgenfeld, 355 f.; Dr. Sanday's linguistic analysis proves it a mutilated Luke, 361 f.; his views adopted, 361; result, 362 f.; no evidence of his knowing other Synoptics, 363 f.; no evidence that he knew fourth Gospel, 499 f.

Mark, Gospel of, tradition of Papias, 278 f.; Mark said to be interpreter of Peter, 279 f.; this tradition examined, 281 f.; not applicable to our Gospel, 283 f.

Matthew, Gospel of, account of Papias, 286 f.; meaning of Oracles of the Lord, 287 f.; not applicable to our Gospel, 281 f.; Matthew wrote in Hebrew, 286 f.; our Gospel Greek, 290 f.; not a translation, 295 f.; not that described by Papias, 295 f.; a history of Jesus the Messiah, 642 f.; the last appearance of Jesus, 842.

Melito of Sardis387 f.; Dr. Westcott's interpretation of his mention of "Old Books," 387 f.; translation of fragment, 388; no reference to New Testament, 388 f.; ignorance of Melito of books of O. T., 391 f.; other supposed works of, 392 f.; no evidence for fourth Gospel, 505.

Messiah, Synoptics the history of Jesus as the, 642 f.; a suffering, 644 f.

Meyer on the Gift of Tongues, 784 f.

Mill, J. S., on Hume's argument on miracles, 46 f.

Milman, Dean, on the Age of Miracles, 56 f.; on demoniacal possession, 84 f.; on martyrdom in reign of Trajan, 166, n. 1; account of earthquake at Antioch, 168; on miracles at Crucifixion, 818, n. 1882.

Miracles, necessary to attest Revelation, 1 f.; dual character, 7 f.; incompetent to perform function, 10 f.; their relation to order of Nature, 18 f.; the Age of, 55 f.; permanent stream of miraculous pretension, 83 f.; Christian and Pagan, 91 f.; continuance of miraculous power, 92 f.; ecclesiastical, 93 f.; of Narcissus of Jerusalem, 97; of Gregory of Nyssa, 97 f.; of St. Anthony, 98 f.; reported by St. Augustine, 100 f.; in relation to superstition, 109 f.; no distinction between Gospel and other, 110 f.; alleged belief of civilised world, 116 f.; evidence required for, 118 f.; direct evidence for, 753 f.; no one claims directly to have worked a miracle, 756 f.; the evidence of Paul, 756 f.; proportionate evidence for, 803 f.

Mozley, Dr., Christianity must be attested by miracles, 4 f.; real character of miracles, 11 f.; analysis of miracles, 22 f.; argument regarding Efficient Cause, 25 f.; miracles asserted to be not contrary to Order of Nature, 28 f.; the argument from experience, 33 f.; assumption of Personal Deity, 37 f.; asserts distinctive character of Christian miracles, 92 f.; alleged difference between Gospel and other miracles, 112 f.

Muratori, Canon of, described, 428 f.; statement regarding Luke's Gospel, 429; other books, 429 f.; date, 430 f.; statement regarding Shepherd of Hermas, 430 f.; statement regarding composition of fourth Gospel, 507 f.

NEANDER, on martyrdom of Ignatius, 167; rejects Ignatian Epistles, 167; on views of Clementine Homilies opposed to fourth Gospel, 489 f., 496; on the Gift of Tongues, 784786.

Newman, Dr., Miracles necessary to prove Revelation, 4; their evidential value, 9 f.; on tendency of religious minds to superstition, 56 f.

ORIGEN, his cosmical theories, 75 f.; on Resurrection, 892.

PALEY, on miracles, 40 f.; argument against Hume, 51 f.; on Paul 's visits to Jerusalem, 698, n. 2.

Papias of Hierapolis, miracle narrated by, 93; date of, 276; fragments of his Exposition276 f.; his statements regarding Presbyters, 276 f.; tradition regarding Mark, 277 f.; preferred tradition to written works, 277, 297 f.; not applicable to our second Synoptic, 281 f.; account of Gospel ascribed to Matthew, 286 f.; meaning of "Oracles of the Lord," 287 f.; work not the same as our first Synoptic, 289 f.; used Gospel of the Hebrews, 297 f.; on death of Judas, 296; woman accused of many sins from Gospel of Hebrews, 297; no evidence for fourth Gospel, 477 f.; argument of Tischendorf on supposed use of Epistle of John, 478 f.; statement regarding him and fourth Gospel in Latin MS., 479 f.; Irenaeus and quotations from Presbyters, 479 f.; not the Presbyters of Papias, 482 f.; his testimony to Apocalypse, 485 f.

Paul, the Apostle, animosity against him in Clementines318 f.; attacks on him in Apocalypse, 522 f., 747 f.; parallelism between him and Peter in Acts, 617 f., shows no knowledge of Stephen, 661 f.; Ananias and, in Acts, 679 f.; Epistles of, compared with Acts, 686 f.; his actions after conversion in Epistles and Acts compared, 687 f.; visits to Jerusalem in Epistles and Acts compared, 689 f.; question of circumcision at Antioch in Acts, 700 f.; compared with Epistles, 701 f.; the Council at Jerusalem not mentioned by, 703 f.; Peter's speech, 706 f.; his quarrel with Peter, 708 f.; his writings exclude Apostolic Decree, 718 f.; alleged circumcision of Titus in Acts, 725 f.; his irony regarding Apostles, 726 f.; final attitude of Apostles mere toleration, 729; he preaches a different Gospel, 730 f.; gave no preference to Jews, 732 f.; his alleged circumcision of Timothy not historic, 736 f.; his whole conduct in Acts opposed to his principles, 739 f.; his relations to the Twelve, 744 f.; his testimony for miracles, 763 f.; nature of the Charismata, 768 f.; on the Gift of Tongues, 779 f., 790 f.; does not mean foreign languages, 790 f.; Interpretation of Tongues, 793 f.; on abuse of the Gifts, 794 f.; probable nature of the Gift of Tongues, 797 f.; his Stake in the flesh, 799 f.; his evidence for miracles, 801 f.; his evidence for the Resurrection, 851 f.; influence on, of Prophetic Gnosis, 852 f.; appearances mentioned by, 854 f.; the appearance to Cephas, 855 f.; to the Twelve, 856; to the 500 brethren, 856 f.; to James, 857; from whom did he "receive" these reports, 857 f.; value of his evidence, 858 f.; his own vision of Jesus, 861 f.; his conversion not attributed to this vision, 864 f.; representation of it in Acts, 867 f.; his conversion according to Acts, 871 f.; his evidence for the Resurrection inadequate, 872 f.; date of his information, 883 f.; effect of time upon memory, 885 f.; his vision subjective, 892 f.; his preparation for it, 893 f.; his Visions and Revelations, 895 f.; his apotheosis of Jesus, 901.

Peter, the Gospel of, the Akhmîm fragment 207 f.

Philo Judaeus considers stars spiritual beings, 61; his Logos doctrine, 444 f., 450 f.454 f.; his account of Moses giving the Law, 785 f.

Polycarp, Epistle of, 175 f.; alleged references to Synoptics, 178 f.; alleged evidence for fourth Gospel, 445 f.

Powell, Pro f. Baden, on Deity working miracles, 43 f.; not miracles but narrative of them now in question, 118.

Pressensé, de, on the Gift of Tongues, 786.

Proselytes to Judaism653 f.

Ptolemaeus and Heracleon, date of, 408 f.; Tischendorf's arguments 409 f.; refuted, 411 f.; alleged references to Synoptics, 420 f.; no evidence for fourth Gospel, 506 f.

RESURRECTION and Ascension, evidence of the Gospels, 808 f.; evidence of Paul, 851 f.; evidence inadequate, 872 f.; theory of survival or "Scheintod," 875 f.; the Vision hypothesis, 877 f.; effects of time on memory, 883 f.; mental preparation of the Twelve and Paul for belief in, 886 f.; on the third day, 889 f.; effect of Prophetic Gnosis, 890 f.; Jesus only appeared to believers, 891 f.; argument that they were proclaimed without refutation, 898 f.; disbelieved at the time, 899 f.

SANDAY, Dr., on Marcion's Gospel, 361 f.; on evidence of Paul for miracles, 756 f., 801 f.

Scott, Sir Walter, on vision of Byron, 879 f.

Shepherd of Hermas148; has no quotations, 148 f.; statements regarding it in Canon of Muratori, 430 f.; alleged references to fourth Gospel, 436 f.

Stanley, Dean, on state of things in Apostolic age, 775, n. 1; on state of Corinth, 779, n. 1.

Stephen, Martyrdom of, in Acts, 659 f.; no evidence elsewhere of his existence, 661 f.; his trial, 662 f.; based on that of Jesus, 663 f.; speech examined, 665 f.; speech composed by author of Acts, 670 f.

TATIAN, cosmical theories of, 72; account of him, 366 f.; alleged references to the Synoptics, 366 f.; date of his literary career, 368 f.; his Diatessaron370 f.; statements of Eusebius, 370 f.; of Epiphanius, 371 f.; called by some Gospel of the Hebrews, 371 f.; Harmony of Gospels by Ammonius, 371, 373 f.; Theodoret confiscates Diatessaron, 372 f.; statements in Doctrine of Addai372 f.; reference of Victor of Capua to it, 373 f.; he calls it Diapente374; reference by Bar-Ali, 374, by Bar-Salibi, 375; Rendel-Harris on fragment of Bar-Hebraeus, 375; Commentary on Diatessaron by Bar Ephrem, 375 f.; language of Diatessaron376; Ephrem's Commentary published, 376; was it on Tatian's Diatessaron376 f.; Victor of Capita's Latin Harmony, 376 f.; Hemphill on Victor of Capua, 377; was it Tatian's Diatessaron377 f.; Arabic MSS. purporting to be Diatessaron377 f.; discrepancies, 378 f.; Rendel Harris on Arabic Diatessaron380; Zahn's opinion, 380 f.; Harnack's, 380; Resch's, 380; value of Diatessaron as evidence, 381; alleged references to fourth Gospel in Address to the Greeks500 f.; his Logos doctrine not that of fourth Gospel, 501 f.; value of evidence of Diatessaron for fourth Gospel, 504 f.

Taylor, Dr., on Teaching of the Twelve Apostles, 149151, 441.

Teaching of the Twelve Apostles149 f.; supposed early references to, 149 f.; dissertation on the "Two Ways," 150 f.; date, 151 f.153 f.; Dr. Lightfoot on, 151; its relation to Epistle of Barnabas and Shepherd of Hermas, 151 f.; relation to other works, 152 f.; was it quoted by Clement as Scripture, 152 f.; alleged references to Synoptics examined, 154 f.; alleged references to fourth Gospel, 440 f.; Hebraisms of Eucharistic prayers pointed out by Dr. Taylor and Rendel Harris, 441.

Tertullian, evidential value of miracles, 9, n. 1; cosmical theories, 73 f.; on change of sex of animals, 82; on Marcion's Antitheses346 f.; his Epistle to Romans did not contain passage giving precedence to Jews, 734.

Theodoret on Tatian's Diatessaron, 372 f.

Trench, Archbishop, evidential value of miracles, 10 f.; analysis of miracles, 19 f. exemption from law of gravitation a lost prerogative of men, 32, n. 1; on demoniacal possession at present day, 85 f.; miraculous power in Church, when withdrawn, 93 f.

Tuke, Dr., instances of ideational impression on Sensorium, 879 f.881.

VALENTINUS, alleged references to Synoptics, 330 f.; unwarrantable statements of Tischendorf, 330 f.; system of reference of Hippolytus, 330 f.; references of Irenaeus, 332 f.; references not to, but to school, 332 f.; unwarrantable statements of Dr. Westcott, 333 f.; alleged references examined, 334 f.; who made alleged references, 337 f.; alleged references to fourth Gospel, 498 f.

Vienne and Lyons, Epistle of404 f.; alleged references to Synoptics, 405 f. alleged references to fourth Gospel, 506.

WESTCOTT, Dr., on a Personal God, 41, n. 2; on uncritical character of first two centuries, 286, n. 1; on seven doubtful books of the Canon, 753; his Gospel of the Resurrection, 803, n. 2 on inscriptions on the Cross, 810; on various narratives of the Resurrection, 847, n. 2; existence of a Christian society the strongest evidence for the Resurrection, 873 f.

Wette, de, on authorship of fourth Gospel and Apocalypse, 512.

Witchcraft, belief in, 86 f.; proscribed by Church and State, 87 f.; belief now dispelled, 89 f.

Wordsworth, Dr., on the Acts of the Apostles, 587, n. 6.


ZELLER, on the Gift of Tongues, 783 f.


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