Freethought Archives > Walter R. Cassels > A Reply to Dr Lightfoot's Essays

INDEX.

ACTS of the Apostles, evidence for, 142 f., 164

Addai, Doctrine of, 147

Ammonius, Diatessaron of, 148

Anger, 5

Antioch, earthquake at, in A.D. 115, 107 f.

Aphthonius; see Elias of Salamia

Apocalypse, allusion to Paul in, 26, n. 2; language of, 27 ff.

Apollinaris, Claudius; date, 137; evidence for Gospels, 137

Aristion, 55

Ascension, evidence for, 165

Aubertin, 65, 66

Aucher145


BARONIUS
, 112 n. 3

Bar-Salibi, Dionysius, 147 f.

Basnage, 65, 66

Baumgarten-Crusius, 70, 72

Baur, does not allude to Armenian version of Ignatian Epistles, 79; date of martyrdom of Ignatius, 89 f.; place of his martyrdom, 95 ff.; on Peregrinus Proteus, 102

Beausobre, 70, 71

Bleek, 7, 32, 60, 62, 68, 74, 80, 90, 93

Blondel, 65, 66

Bochart, 65, 66

Böhringer, 59, 62, 63, 80

Bunsen, 32, 62, 63, 79


CALVIN
, 64

Campianus, 64

Casaubon, 65, 67

Celsus, Origen on, 10 ff., 146

Centuriators, Magdeburg, 64

Chemnitz, 62, 64, 65

Christianity, claim to be Divine Revelation, not original, 166 f.; history and achievements opposed to this claim, 167 f.; census of religions, 168 n. 1; transformation of, 169 f.

Chrysostom, 108, 110, 111 f.

Ciasca, alleged Arabic version of Tatian's Diatessaron145, 150 f.

Clement of Alexandria, on Basilides, 18 f.

Cleophas, 52

Cook, 65, 66

Criticism, attitude towards, 1

Cureton, 62, 63, 65, 68 ff., 79, 83 f.

Curetonian version of Ignatian Epistles, 59 ff., 67 ff., 74 ff., 80 f.


DALLAEUS
, 62

Davidson, Dr., on passage of Irenaeus, 6; date of martyrdom of Ignatius, 91; place of the martyrdom, 96

Delitzsch, 30, 31, 32

Denzinger, 78, 79, 80 n. 2, 103n. 1

Diatessaron of Ammonius, 148 ff., 152 ff.

Diatessaron of Elias of Salamia, 148 ff.

Diatessaron of Tatian, 145 ff.; alleged Armenian version of Ephraem's commentary on it, 145 f.; Latin translation by Aucher and Moesinger, 145 f.; Arabic version of, translated by Ciasca, 145 f.; Eusebius on it, 146 f.; did Eusebius directly know it? 146 f.; Bar-Salibi on it, 147 f.; Theodoret suppresses it, 149 f.; the genealogies of Jesus said to be excised, 149 f.; not all suppressed in Armenian and Arabic works, 150; called 'Gospel according to the Hebrews, ' 150; Epiphanius had not seen it, 150; we could not identify it, 150; Arabic version of Ciasca, 150 f.; said to be translated from Syriac, 151; its date, 151; ascribed in notes to Tatian, 151; original language of Tatian's Diatessaron, 151 f.; Gospel texts in alleged versions affected by repeated translation, 151 f.; name of Tatian not on original work, 152; could it be identified? 152 ff.; case of Victor of Capua, 152 ff.; was he mistaken? 153 f.; Dr. Wace says: No, 153; value of evidence if alleged versions be genuine, 154

Dionysius of Corinth, 56

Doctrine of Addai, 147

Donaldson, Dr., on Epistle of Polycarp, 21; on Tatian's Diatessaron, 150

Dorner, 4

Dressel, 79


EBRARD
, 7

Elias of Salamia, his Diatessaron, 147 f.; he finds fault with Canons of Eusebius, 148

Ephraem Syrus, his Commentary on Tatian's Diatessaron, 147 f.; date, 148; alleged Armenian version of his Commentary, 145; date of the MS., 150; translated from Syriac, 150; evidence, 150 f.; Tatian's name not mentioned, 150; value as evidence if genuine, 154

Epiphanius, 150

Eusebius, on Papias, 7; silence of, 45 f.; my only inference from silence of, 50 f.; procedure of, 50 f.; his references to Hegesippus, 52 ff.; his references to John, 53 ff.; on Claudius Apollinaris, 137; on Polycrates of Ephesus, 137; on Tatian's Diatessaron, 146 f.; on Diatessaron of Ammonius, 148 f.; his Epistle to Carpianus, 148 f., 152

Ewald, 32, 33, 62, 63, 79, 141


FARRAR, Dr.
, 34

Francke, 97


GFRÖRER, 7, 75

Glaucias, 15, 18, 19,

Gobarus, Stephanus, 23

Godet, 32

Gospel, the Fourth, contrast with Synoptics, 26 f., 26 n. 2; Hebraic character of its language, 27 ff.; Eusebius regarding it, 49, 51, 53 f., 55 ff.; evidence to it of Martyrdom of Polycarp, 135; alleged evidence of Claudius Apollinaris, 137; alleged evidence of Polycrates 137; supposed reference to it in Epistle of Vienne and Lyons, 144; Tatian's Diatessaron said to begin with it, 147 f.; insufficiency of evidence for it, 162 ff.; its contents cannot be reconciled with Synoptics, 163 f.

Gospels, Justin's use of, 24 f.; evidence of alleged quotations, 24 f.; object in examining evidence for, 37 ff., 41 ff.; numerous Gospels circulating in early Church, 131 f.; anonymous quotations not necessarily from canonical, 131 ff.; illustrations of this, 132 ff.; evidence of Martyrdom of Polycarp, 135; evidence of Melito of Sardis, 135 f.; evidence of Claudius Apollinaris, 137; evidence of Epistle of Vienne and Lyons, 141 ff.; principles on which evidence is examined, 162; insufficiency of evidence for, 162 ff.

Greet, Hofstede de, 5, 9 n. 2

Grove, 34

Guericke, 7, 90 f., 93


HADRIAN, 12

Hagenbach, 91, 93

Harless, 75

Hase, 76

Hebrews, Gospel according to the, 122 f., 123, 150

Hefele, 80

Hegesippus, his attitude to Paul, 23; references to him by Eusebius, 52 ff.; on Simeon, 52

Hemphill, Professor, did Eusebius directly know Tatian's Diatessaron? 146 f.; on Arabic Diatessaron, 149; it takes Matthew as basis, 149; its substantial identity with Victor's Diatessaron, 153

Hengstenberg, 31

Hilgenfeld, on passage of Irenaeus, 5 f.; on Ignatian Epistles, 78, 79; place and date of martyrdom of Ignatius, 97 ff.; on Papias and Matthew's Hebrew "Oracles, " 122; Protevangelium Jacobi, 142; Eusebius on Tatian's Diatessaron, 146 f.

Hippolytus, 17 f.

Holtzmann, 135, 147

Hug, 32

Humfrey, 66


IGNATIUS
, Epistle of Polycarp regarding him, 20 ff.; date and place of his martyrdom, 87, 94 ff.; his alleged martyr-journey, 94 ff.; his treatment during it, 99 f.; compared with Paul's journey, 100 f.; compared with case of Peregrinus, 101 ff.; reasons opposed to martyr-journey to Rome, and for martyrdom in Antioch, 104 ff.; remains of Ignatius, 111 ff.; martyrologies, 112 f.

Ignatian Epistles, Dr. Lightfoot on, 57 ff.; critics on priority of Syriac version, 59 ff., long recension, 64 ff.; Vossian Epistles, 67 ff.; version of Ussher, 67; Armenian version, 78 ff.; Eusebian Epistles, 80 ff.; their order in MSS., 82 ff.; their value as evidence, 113 f.

Irenaeus, 3 ff.


JACOBSON
, 65

Jerome, 110 f.

John, references of Eusebius, 53 ff.; Papias and Presbyters on, 55 f.; double use of name, 55 f.

Justin Martyr, his quotations, 28 ff.


KEIM
, 135

Kestner, 70, 71

Kirchhofer, 7


LANGE, 32

Lardner, 70, 136

Lechler, 76 f.

Lightfoot, 32, 33

Lightfoot, Dr., objectionable style of criticism, 1 f., 3, 7 f., 13 n. 1, 14 f., 15 n. 1, 20, 21, 23 f., 24 n. 5, 25 f., 27, 30 f., 36, 44 f., 46 f., 57 ff., 68 ff.; 73 ff., 144; on a passage of Irenaeus, 3 ff.; discussion of date of Celsus, 9 ff.; Dr. Westcott on Basilides, 15 ff.; weightier arguments of apologists, 20 ff.; on Epistle of Polycarp, 20 f., object of Papias' work, 22; on Hegesippus and Apostle Paul, 22 f.; on Justin Martyr's quotations, 23 ff.; on duration of ministry of Jesus, 26 f.; on Hebraic character of language of the Fourth Gospel, 27 ff.; identification of Sychar, 30 ff.; on argument of S. R., 36 ff.; on silence of Eusebius, 45 ff.; the intention of Eusebius, 44 f.; procedure of Eusebius, 50 f.; silence of Eusebius as evidence for Fourth Gospel, 56 f.; on Ignatian Epistles, 57 ff.; on view of Lipsius, 60 f.; misstatements regarding references in S. R., 61 ff.; differentiation of Ignatian Epistles, 80 ff.; their position in MSS., 82 ff.; on martyr-journey and treatment of Ignatius, 99 f.; compared with Apostle Paul's 100 f.; compared with case of Peregrinus Proteus, 101 ff.; on John Malalas, 108 ff.; on Polycarp of Smyrna, 115 f.; date of his Epistle, 115; does not examine alleged quotations of Gospels, 116; on Papias of Hierapolis, 117 ff.; Papias on Mark, 117 f.; Papias on Matthew, 119 ff.; on accuracy of Papias, 120 ff.; translation of Hebrew Oracles of Matthew, 121 f.; on Gospel according to the Hebrews, 122 f.; on nature of Oracles of Matthew, 124 ff.; can Oracles include narrative? 125 f.; his misapprehension of argument of S. R., 129 ff.; on Martyrdom of Polycarp, 135; on Melito of Sardis, 135 f.; erroneous quotation from S. R., 136, n. 2; on Claudius Apollinaris, 137 f.; on Polycrates of Ephesus, 137; on Epistle of Vienne and Lyons, 139 ff.; on the "testimony of Zacharias, " 140 ff.; alleged reference to Acts, 142 f.; alleged reference to Fourth Gospel, 144; Tatian's Diatessaron, 145 f.; on Eusebius's mention of it, 146 f.; did he directly know it? 146; on Doctrine of Addai, 147; it mentions Tatian's Diatessaron, 147; Dionysius Bar-Salibi on Tatian's Diatessaron, 147 f.; on Diatessaron of Ammonius, 148; quite different from Tatian's work, 148 f.; similarity to Arabic version asserted by Hemphill, 149; case of Victor of Capua, 152 f.; Victor must have been mistaken, 153 f.; Victor not mistaken after all, 153; on Letter of the Smyrnaens, 154 ff.; a short way with its miraculous elements, 154 f.; practically justifies procedure of "Supernatural Religion," 156

Lipsius, on Ignatian Epistles, 60 f., 63, 78, 79; on Martyrdom of Polycarp, 135

Logia, meaning of, in N. T., 124 ff.

Logos doctrine in Apocalypse, 30 n. 1

Lucian, 12, 101 f.

Luke, Gospel according to, supposed reference to it in Epistle of Vienne and Lyons, 141 f.; its use in Diatessaron, 149, 153

Luthardt, on passage of Irenaeus, 6; on Basilides, 18; on language of Fourth Gospel and Apocalypse, 28 ff.


MAGDEBURG Centuriators
, 64

Malalas, John, on martyrdom of Ignatius, 108 ff.

Marcus Aurelius, 105 f.

Mark, Presbyters and Papias on, 117 f.; not eye-witness but interpreter of Peter, 118 f.; value of his Gospel as evidence, 118 f.; use in Diatessaron, 149

Matthew, Presbyters and Papias on, 55 f., 119 ff.; wrote oracles in Hebrew, 119 ff.; when translated, 121 ff.; use in Diatessaron of Ammonius, 148; also in that of Tatian, 149 f.

Matthias, 16, 18

Mayerhoff, 91, 93

Melito of Sardis, 135 f.

Merx, 78, 79

Meyer, on passage of Irenaeus, 5, 82

Mill, on miracles, 36 ff.

Milman, 59, 62, 63, 105 n. 1, 107 f.

Moesinger, Ephraem's Commentary, 145 f., 150

Mozley, on belief, 35 f.


NEANDER
, 70, 71 f., 105 f.

Neubauer, 30, 34

Nicephorus, 111 n. 1


OLSHAUSEN
, 7, 32

"Oracles," meaning of, 124 ff.

Origen, on Celsus, 10 f.


PAPIAS of Hierapolis
, alleged quotations from him, 3 ff.; object of his work, 22; references of Eusebius to him, 54 ff.; words of the Presbyters, 55 f.; double reference to "John, " 55 f.; he had nothing to tell of Fourth Gospel, 55 ff.; on Mark's Gospel, 117 ff.; on Matthew's Hebrew Oracles, 119 f.; value of his evidence for the Gospels, 127 f.

Parker, 65, 66

Paul, Apostle, his treatment as prisoner compared to that of Ignatius, 100 f.; unconscious testimony regarding the supernatural, 165; his testimony for Resurrection and Ascension, 165 f.

Pearson, 67

Peregrinus Proteus, 102 ff.

Perpetua, Saturus and, 100

Petau, 65, 67

Petermann, 78 ff.

Phillips, 147

Polycarp of Smyrna, 115 f.; date of martyrdom, 115

Polycarp, Martyrdom of, 135, 154 ff.; Dr. Lightfoot's short way with the miraculous elements, 154 f.

Polycrates of Ephesus, date, 137; evidence for Fourth Gospel, 137

Pressensé, de, 60

Protevangelium Jacobi, 142

QUADRATUS, Statius, date of proconsulship, 115


"RELIGION, Supernatural,"
argument of, 36 ff., 40 ff., 129 ff.; canons of criticism, 130 ff.; the "testimony of Zacharias," Epistle of Vienne and Lyons, 140 ff.; was Eusebius directly acquainted with Tatian's Diatessaron? 146 f.; argument of S. R. practically justified by Dr. Lightfoot, 154 ff.; conclusions of, 157 ff.; evidence of Divine Revelation which is necessary, 157; miracles as evidence destroyed by doubtful source, 157 f.; miraculous evidence not original, 158 f., stream of miraculous pretension, 158; true character of miracles betrayed, 158 f.; origin of belief in supernatural interference, 159; assumptions to justify miracles, 159 f.; an Infinite Personal God, 159 f.; Divine design of Revelation, 160; miracles antecedently incredible, 160 f.; evidence for the Christian miracles, 161 f.; principles upon which evidence examined, 162; evidence for Gospels, 162 f.; evidence for Acts, 164; the remaining books of New Testament, 164 f.; evidence of Paul, 165; evidence for Resurrection and Ascension, 165 f.; results tested by general considerations, 166 ff.; claim of Christianity to be Divinely revealed not original, 166 f.; history and achievements of Christianity opposed to it, 167 f.; census of religions, 168 n. 1; how far the Great Teacher was misunderstood, 168 f.; transformation of Christianity, 169 f.; alleged objections to disturbing belief, 169 f.; objections not valid, 170 f.; argument that Divine Revelation is necessary to man, 172 f.; we gain more than we lose by finding our theology to be mere human inventions, 173 f.

Resurrection, evidence for, 165 f.

Reuss, 147

Riggenbach, on passage of Irenaeus, 5; on Sychar, 32

Ritschl, 62, 63

Rivet, 64, 65, 67

Routh, on passage of Irenaeus, 4

Ruinart, anniversary of Ignatius, 112

Rumpf, 60


SANDAY, 33

Saumaise, 65, 66

Schleimann, 75 f.

Scholten, 11 n. 2, 80, 91 f., 96 f., 147

Schroeckh, 70, 71

Schürer, 135

Shechem, 30 ff.

Simeon, 52, 105 f.

Smyrnaens, Letter of, 154 ff.; Dr. Lightfoot as a sceptical critic, 154 f.

Socinus, 65

Stephen, 142 f.

Sychar, 30 ff.

Synoptics, contrasted with Fourth Gospel, 26 f.

TATIAN'S Diatessaron: see Diatessaron

Theodoret, the Ignatian Epistles, 81

Thiersch, 7, 70

Tholuck, 7

Tischendorf, on passage of Irenaeus, 3 ff.; passage of Celsus, 11 ff.; does not notice Armenian version of Ignatian Epistles, 80; "testimony of Zacharias, " in Epistle of Vienne and Lyons, 142; it is a reference to the Protevangelium Jacobi, 142

Trajan, in connection with the martyrdom of Ignatius, 89 ff., 105 ff.

Tregelles, 60, 82 f.


UHLHORN, 78, 79

Ussher, 67


VIENNE and Lyons, Epistle of, 139 ff.; date, 139; the "testimony of Zacharias, " 140 f.; alleged quotations of Acts, 142 ff.; value of evidence, 143; Dr. Lightfoot on fragrance of the martyrs, 155

Volkmar, on Celsus, 10 ff.; on Ignatian Epistles, 60; does not notice Armenian version, 80; date of martyrdom of Ignatius, 92 f.; place of martyrdom, 94 ff.

Vossian Epistles of Ignatius, 67 f.

WACE, Dr., 153

Waddington, 115

Weiss, 62, 63, 78, 79

Weissmann, 69 f.

Westcott, Dr., criticisms on, 3 f.; on Papias, 4; on Basilides, 15 ff.; on Justin Martyr's quotations, 23 ff.; on "Supernatural Religion," 44 f.; misstatements regarding notes, 85 ff.; was Eusebius directly acquainted with Tatian's Diatessaron? 147

Wette, de, 7, 15 n. 1, 32

Wieseler, 31, 32

Wotton, 68, 69


ZACHARIAS
, the testimony of, Epistle of Vienne and Lyons, 140 ff.

Zahn, on passage of Irenaeus, 6; on Ignatian Epistles, 78, 79, 99 n. 1, 101; on John Malalas, 110, date of martyrdom of Ignatius, 112; did Eusebius directly know Tatian's Diatessaron? 147; passages regarding descent of Jesus from David not all excised from alleged Armenian version, 150

Zeller, on passage of Irenaeus, 5

 


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