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Part 4, Chapter 1 (pp. 567-584)

[568:1] Adv. Haer. 3:14, §§ 1, 2.

[568:2] Eu poiein hêdion esti tou paschein. Epicur. ap. Plut., Mor., p. 778 c.

Errat enim si quis beneficium libentius accipit quam reddit. Seneca, Epist., 81:17.

Mallon esti tou eleutheriou to didonai ois dei ê lambanein hothen dei, kai mê lambanein hothen ou dei. Tês gar aretês mallon to eu poiein ê to eu paschein
. Aristotle, Eth. Nicom., 4:1.

Dôreisthai kai didonai kreitton ê lambanein
. Artemidor., Oneirocr., 4:3. Cf. Wetstein, N. T. Gr., l. c.

[569:1] C. 5.

[569:2] C. 18.

[569:3] Kai metastêsas auton êgeiren ton Daueid autois eis basileia, hô kai eipen martyrêsas, Euron Daueid ton tou Iessai, andra kata tên kardian mou, hos poiêsei panta ta thelêmata mou. Acts 13:22.

[569:4] Euron Dauid ton doulon mou, en elêei hagiô echrisa auton. The Alexandrian MS. reads en elaiô hagiô mou. The quotation given is the reading of the Vatican Codex.

[569:5] Anthrôpon kata tên kardian autou.

[569:6] Stromata, 4:17.

[570:1] Alford, Greek Test., ii., Proleg., p. 20; Eichhorn, Einl. N. T., p. 72 f.; Hilgenfeld, Ap. Väter, p. 108; Neudecker, Einl. N. T., p. 357, anm. 2; Zeller, Apg., p 9. Dr. Westcott does not claim any (On the Canon, 1875, p. 48, note 2). Dr. Lightfoot simply assigns the reference to the Psalm and 1 Sam. 13:14.

[570:2] Cf. Westcott, On the Canon, p. 48, n. 2. (The references to Dr. Westcott's work on the Canon up to the present point are always to the 2nd ed., 1866, and those henceforward to the 4th ed., 1875, except where otherwise specified.)

[570:3] Credibility, etc., Works, 1788, ii., p. 17. Dr. Lightfoot does not suggest any reference here to Acts.

[570:4] Westcott, On the Canon, p. 198 f.

[571:1] The same passage is quoted, Acts 2:21. Cf. Ephes. 1:20-21; Philip. 2:9 f.; 1 John 5:13 f.

[571:2] Lardner, Works, ii., p. 56. This is not advanced by Kirchhofer, nor does Dr. Westcott refer to it. Even Hefele does not suggest a reference.

[572:1] Dr. Westcott does not claim either this or the second (On the Canon, p. 48, note 2), and Hefele merely suggests comparison with Acts (Patr. Ap., p. 103, p. 98).

[573:1] Luke 24:42 f.

[573:2] John 21:12 f.

[573:3] Quoted p. 173 f.

[573:4] See discussion of the quotation, p. 228, note 1, p. 238 f.

[574:1] Cod. E. reads hadou.

[574:2] In the Sept. version of Job 39:2 the expression ôdinas de autôn eleusas occurs.

[574:3] For the date and character of the Epistle see discussion, p. 175 f.

[575:1] Ver. 13, according to some MSS., reads: "And who is he that will harm you, if ye become imitators (mimêtai) of the good?"

[575:2] Apol., 1:49.

[576:1] Dial. 36.

[576:2] Dial. 76.

[576:3] Apol., 1:50, cf. Acts 1:8 f.; Apol., 1:40, cf. Acts 4:27; Apol., 2:10, cf. Acts 17:23; Dial. 8, cf. Acts 26:29; Dial. 20, cf. Acts 10:14; Dial. 68, cf. Acts 2:30.

[576:4] Credner, Einl. N. T., i. 1, p. 274; Donaldson, Hist. Chr. Lit. and Doct., ii., p. 329; Eichhorn, Einl. N. T., ii., p. 75; Meyer, Apostelgesch., p. 1 f.; Zeller, Apostelgesch., p. 49 f. Dean Alford says: "Nor are there any references in Justin Martyr, which, fairly considered, belong to this book" (Greek Test., 1871, Proleg., ii., p. 20). Dr. Westcott says: "The references to the Acts are uncertain"; and he merely illustrates this by referring to the first of the passages discussed in the text. (On the Canon, 1875, p. 168, note 3).

[576:5] P. 273 f.

[576:6] Lardner, Credibility, Works, ii. 142; Westcott, On the Canon, 4th ed., p. 205. Dr. Westcott, however, merely says: "There are forms of expression corresponding to passages in ...and in the Acts which can scarcely be attributed to chance."

[577:1] Eusebius, H. E., 2:23.

[577:2] P. 296 f.

[577:3] Routh, Reliq. Sacr., i., p. 25 f.

[577:4] Overbeck, Zeitschr. wiss. Theol., 1867, p. 39 f. Cf. Steitz, Th. Stud. u. Krit., 1868, p. 87 f.; Meyer, Die Apostelgesch., p. 2, anm.* * Dr. Westcott says: "In his account of the fate of Judas Iscariot there is a remarkable divergence from the narrative in Matt. 27:5 and Acts 1:18" (On the Canon, 4th ed., p. 77, n.1).

[577:5] Zahn, Th. Stud. u. Krit., 1866, p. 680 f. Dr. Lightfoot says: "But there are indications, however indecisive, that Papias did use the writings of St. Luke." And further on, after quoting the passage about Judas, and mentioning the view of Apollinaris that it reconciles the accounts in the first Gospel and in the Acts, he continues: "It is too much to assume that Papias himself repeated the tradition with this aim, but the resemblance to the account in the Acts is worthy of notice" (Contemporary Rev., August, 1876, p. 415).

[578:1] H. E., 3:39.

[578:2] H. E., 3:39.

[578:3] Credibility, etc., Works, ii., p. 133. Kirchhofer makes a similar statement, Quellens., p. 163, anm. 1. Dr. Lightfoot says: "Other points of affinity to the Acts are his mention of Justus Barsabas, and his relations with the daughters of Philip" (Contemp. Rev., August, 1876, p. 415). Such "indications" he may indeed well characterise as "indecisive." Dr. Westcott says: "Dr. Lightfoot notices some slight indications of Papias' use of the writings of St. Luke (in the article quoted above), but I do not think that much stress can be laid on them" (On the Canon, 4th ed., p. 77, note 1).

[578:4] Dr. Westcott merely speaks of "coincidences of language more or less evident with the Acts," etc., referring to c. 3: (Acts 17: 24-25) as "worthy of remark" (Canon, p. 91); but he does not include it in the Synopsis of Historical Evidence, p. 584.

[579:1] Ep. ad Diognetum, c. 3.

[579:2] Adv. Marc., 5:1 f.

[579:3] Kirchhofer, Quellens., p. 166; Lardner mentions, merely to disclaim, it. Credibility, etc., Works, ii., p. 139 f. Dr. Westcott does not advance it at all.

[579:4] Orat. ad Graecos, c. 4.

[579:5] Credibility, etc., Works, ii., p. 139 f.

[580:1] Eusebius, H. E., 4:29.

[580:2] Ib., 4:23.

[580:3] Lardner, Credibility, etc., Works, ii., p. 134; Kirchhofer, Quellens., p. 163. Dr. Westcott naturally does not refer to the passage at all.

[580:4] Leg. pro Christ., 13.

[580:5] Ib., 16.

[580:6] Eusebius, H. E., 5:2.

[581:1] Bleek, Einl. N. T., p. 341 f., p. 347 f.; Ewald, Gesch. d. V. Isr., vi., 1858, p. 37, p. 191 f.; Gfrörer, Die heil. Sage, 1838, i., p. 404, p. 409 f.; Meyer, Apostelgesch., p. 12; Neander, Pflanzung. u.s.w. chr. Kirche 5te Aufl., p. 65, anm. 2; Schwanbeck, Quellen d. Schr. des Lukas, 1847, i., p. 250 f. De Wette, Einl. N. T. p. 249 f., etc.

[581:2] Dr. Lightfoot, speaking of the passage we are discussing, says: "Will he (author of Supernatural Religion) boldly maintain that the writers had before them another Acts containing words identical with our Acts, just as he supposes, etc. … Or will he allow this account to have been taken from Acts 7:60, with which it coincides?" (Contemp. Review, August, 1876, p. 41). The question is here answered.

[581:3] P. 427 f.

[582:1] Adv. Haer., 3:14, §§ 1, 2; 15, § 1, etc.

[582:2] Strom., 5:12; Adumbr. in 1 Petr. Ep.

[582:3] De Jejunio, 10.

[582:4] Contra Cels., 6:12.

[582:5] Epiphanius, Haer., 30:16.

[582:6] August., Epist. 237; ed. Bened., ii., p. 644; De Util. Cred., ii. 7, T. viii., p. 36; cf. Beausobre, Hist. de Manichée, i., p. 293 f..

[582:7] Hom. i. in Act. Apost.

[582:8] Ton de syngraphea tôn traxeôn oi men Klêmenta legousi ton Rhômês, alloi de Barnaban, kai alloi Loukan ton euangelistên.  Photius, Amphiloch. Quaest., 145.

[583:1] The Cod. Sin. reads simply Prazeis. Cod. D. (Bezae) has Praxeis Apostolôn (Acting of Apostles).

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