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Not Paul, But Jesus

BY JEREMY BENTHAM, ESQR.,—
The Eminent Philosopher of Sociology, Jurisprudence,
&c., of London.


With Preface Containing Sketches of His Life and
Works Together with Critical Notes by
John J. Crandall, Esqr., of the New Jersey Bar—
author of Right to Begin and Reply
 


 



  INDEX TO CONTENTS.

[EDITOR'S PREFACE]

[INTRODUCTION]

TABLE I-XXII


CHAPTER I.

Paul's Conversion. Improbability and Discordancy of the Accounts of it 1
     1. List of these Accounts, with preliminary Observations. Table in which they are confronted 1
     2. Vision I. Dialogue on the road: Paul hears a voice, sees nothing 8
     3. Vision II. Ananias's 2134
     4. Ananias: his Visit to Paul at Damascus 2657
     5. Vision III. Paul's anterior Vision, as reported by the Lord to Ananias. Acts ix. 12 62
     6. Visions, why two or three, instead of one? 64
     7. Commission to Paul by Jerusalem Rulers—Commission to bring in Bonds Damascus Christians—Paul's Contempt put upon it 69
     8. Companions—had Paul any upon the road? 72
     9. In Paul's Epistle to his Galatians,—by his silence, Acts Accounts of his Conversion are virtually contradicted 77

TABLE II

CHAPTER II.

Outward Conversion—how produced—how planned 89
     1. Motive, Temporal Advantage—Plan 93
     2. At Damascus, no such Ananias probably 97
     3. On Damascus journey—Companions none 100
     4. Flight from Damascus: Causes—false—true 101
     5. Arabia Visit—mentioned by Paul, not Acts 108113
     6. Gamaliel—had he part in Paul's plan? 125
[Pg 436]

CHAPTER III.

Paul disbelieved.—Neither his divine Commission nor his inward Conversion ever credited by the
Apostles or their Jerusalem Disciples.—Source of Proof stated 135
     1. To Paul's Conversion Vision, sole original Witness himself 135
     2. Counter-Witnesses, the Apostles: by them, the Story probably not heard—certainly not credited 136
     3. In proof, so much of the Acts history must here be anticipated 138
     4. Topics under his several Jerusalem Visits: viz. I. Reconciliation Visit 139143
     5. Topics under Visit II.—Money-bringing Visit 153
     6. Remarks on Visit III.—Deputation Visit 154
     7. Topics under Visit IV.—Invasion Visit 156
     8. Self-written Biography—its superior Value and Claim to Credence 159

CHAPTER IV.

Paul disbelieved continued. First of his four Visits to Jerusalem after his Conversion—say Jerusalem Visit I.
or Reconciliation Visit.—Barnabas introducing him from Antioch to the Apostles 160
     1. Paul's Proceedings between his Conversion and this Visit.—Contradiction. Per Paul, it was not till
         after three Years spent in Arabia; per Acts, immediately 164
     2. Grounds of Paul's Prospect of Reconciliation on this Occasion with the Apostles and their Disciples 171
     3. Occasion of this Visit, as per Paul's own Account 177
     4. Occasion, as per Acts Account compared with Paul's 180
     5. Cause of the Discordance between the two Accounts 188
     6. Length of this Visit 192
     7. Mode and Cause of its Termination 197
[Pg 437]

CHAPTER V.

Paul disbelieved continued. Jerusalem Visit II. Money-bringing Visit.—Barnabas accompanying him from Antioch 203
     1. At Antioch, Agabus having predicted a Dearth, Money is collected for the Jerusalem Saints 203
     2. Barnabas and Paul dispatched with the Money to Jerusalem 208

CHAPTER VI.

Paul disbelieved continued.—Jerusalem Visit III. Deputation Visit.Paul and Barnabas delegated by Antioch
Saints, to confer on the Necessity of Jewish Rites to Heathen Converts to the Religion of Jesus 211
     1. Occasion of this Visit 211
     2. The Delegates how received.—Council of Apostles and Elders 215
     3. Debates—Course carried by James against Peter 220
     4. Result, supposed Apostolic Decree and Letter to Antioch, which, per Acts, Paul circulates 224

CHAPTER VII.

Paul disbelieved continued. After his third Jerusalem Visit, Contest between him and Peter at Antioch. Partition
Treaty: Paul for himself: Peter, James and John for the Apostles 228
     1. Contest and Partition-Treaty, as per Acts and Paul's Epistles 228
     2. Partition-Treaty—Probability, given by the financial Stipulation, to Paul's Account of it 238
     3. Time of the Partition-Treaty, most probably that of Visit I 242
[Pg 438]

CHAPTER VIII.

Interview the Fourth.Peter at Antioch.—Deputies to Antioch from Jerusalem, Judas and Silas.—Paul disagrees with
Peter and Barnabas, quits Antioch, and on a Missionary Excursion takes with him Silas. What concerns the Partition
Treaty, down to this Period, reviewed.—Peter and the Apostles justified 249
     1. Paul's Account of this Interview quoted.—Acts Account of what followed upon it 249
     2. Paul disagrees with Peter and Barnabas; quits Antioch, taking Silas from the Apostles 252
     3. The Partition Treaty, and the proceedings in relation to it, down to this Period, reviewed 255
     4. Peter and the Apostles justified, as to the financial Stipulation in the Treaty, and the succeeding Missionary
Labours of Peter among the Gentiles 258

CHAPTER IX.

Paul disbelieved continued.—Jerusalem Visit IV. and last Invasion Visit. The Purpose concealed: Opposition universal;
among his own Disciples, and among those of the Apostles 266
     1. Motives to this Visit 266
     2. The Visit announced by Paul and deferred 267
     3. The design indefensible 272
     4. Opposition made to it by his own attendants and other adherents 275
     5. Opposition made to it by the Apostles and their disciples 277
     6. Plan of the Apostles for ridding themselves of Paul 282
[Pg 439]

CHAPTER X.

Paul disbelieved continued.—Jerusalem Visit IV. continued. His Arrival and Reception. Accused by all the Disciples of the Apostles,
he commences an exculpatory Oath in the Temple. Dragged out by them—rescued by a Roman Commander—sent in Custody to Rome      288
     1. At Jerusalem, Paul is received by the Elders and James; but by no other Apostle 288
     2. Low Tone assumed by him on this Occasion 291
     3. Posterior to all his supposed Miracles, his Silence proves them unreal 295
     4. Accused by the Disciples, he commences, at the Recommendation of the Apostles, an exculpatory Oath in the Temple 298
     5. The Design of this Recommendation justified 308
     6. Dragged out of the Temple by Jews or Christians, he is saved by a Roman Commander 309

CHAPTER XI.

Paul disbelieved continued.—Paul's fourth Jerusalem Visit continued. Perjurious was the Purpose of the exculpatory
Ceremony commenced in the Temple 310
     1. General Proof of the Perjury from the Acts 310
     2. Proof from the Epistles 327

CHAPTER XII.

More Falsehoods.—Resurrection-Witnesses multiplied.—World's End predicted.—To save credit, Antichrist invented 333
     1. Resurrection-Witnesses multiplied 333
     2. False Prophecy, that the World would end in the Lifetime of Persons then living 338
     3. Disorder and Mischief produced by this Prediction 343
     4. Paul's Remedy for the Disorder, and Salvo for himself. Antichrist must first come 347
[Pg 440]

CHAPTER XIII.

Paul's supposable Miracles explained 354
     1. Objections, applying to them in the Aggregate 354
     2. Supposable Miracle I. Elymas the Sorcerer blinded.—Acts xiii. 6-12 358
     3. Supposable Miracle II.—At Lystra, Cripple cured.—Acts xiv. 8-11 361
     4. Supposable Miracle III.—Divineress silenced.—Acts xvi. 16-18 362
     5. Supposable Miracle IV.—At Philippi, an Earthquake: Paul and Silas freed from Prison, A.D. 53 365
     6. Supposable Miracle V.—At Corinth, Paul comforted by the Lord in an unseen Vision, A.D. 54—Acts xviii. 7-11 369
     7. Supposable Miracle VI.—At Ephesus, Diseases and Devils expelled by foul Handkerchiefs.—Acts xix. 1-12 372
     8. Supposable Miracle VII.—At Ephesus, Exorcist Scevas bedeviled.—Acts xix. 13-20 373
     9. Supposable Miracle VIII.—Magical Books burnt by the Owners.—Acts xix. 19, 20 380
   10. Supposable Miracle IX.—At Troas, Eutychus found not to be dead.—Acts xx. 7-12 382
   11. Supposable Miracle X.—On Shipboard, Paul comforted by an Angel.—Acts xxvii. 20-25 385
   12. Supposable Miracle XI.—At Malta, a Reptile shaken off by Paul without hurt.—Acts xxviii. 1-6 386
   13. Supposable Miracle XII.—At Malta, Deputy Publius's Father cured.—Acts xxviii. 7, 8 389
   14. Conclusion: the Supposable Miracles classed and summed up 393
[Pg 441]

CHAPTER XIV.

Acts, Part false, Part true: Author not Saint Luke 397
     1. By the false Parts, the Gospel not affected: most Parts true 397
     2. Time between Resurrection and Ascension—Acts contradicts Luke 398
     3. As to Ascension, Acts inconsistent with Luke 403

CHAPTER XV.

Law Report.—Jews versus Paul: Trials five, with Observations 406
     1. Introduction 406
     2. Trial I. Place, Jerusalem-Temple.—Judicatory, the mixed Multitude.—Acts xxii. 1-21 407
     3. Trial II. Judicatory, Jerusalem Council-Board.—Acts xxiii. 1-10 409
     4. Trial III. Place, Cęsarea.—Acts xxiv. 1-23 413
     5. Trial IV. Place, again, Cęsarea.—Acts xxv. 1-12 417
     6. Trial V. and last.—Place, still Cęsarea 420

CHAPTER XVI.

Paul's Doctrines Anti-Apostolic.—Was he not Antichrist? 426
     1. Paul's Doctrine was at variance with that of the Apostles 426
     2. Of Conformity, use made of the Name of Jesus no Proof 428
     3. Paul, was he not Antichrist? 432


 

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